Scientists Have Discovered a New Potential Link

COVID-19 Vaccine Coronavirus Vaccination

mRNA COVID-19 vaccines are a kind of vaccine that makes use of a smaller piece of the virus’s genetic product, identified as messenger RNA (mRNA), to help the body’s immune technique acknowledge and battle the virus that triggers COVID-19. mRNA vaccines have been proven to be efficient at avoiding COVID-19 infection and have been licensed for use by regulatory businesses around the environment.

There has been some problem about the facet outcomes of mRNA

mRNA vaccines mimic the surface structure of SARS-CoV-2 in the body. These are then recognized as invading pathogens by immune cells, which create antibodies against them. As a result, antibody counts may be used to quantify the immune system’s response to vaccination.

Increase in Antibody (IgG) Levels Over One Week After the Third mRNA 1273 Dose in the Fever and Nonfever Groups

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) dynamics in the first week after vaccination by presence or absence of post-vaccination fever. The red and blue lines show the IgG concentration means predicted by the mixed-effects model in the febrile and nonfebrile groups, respectively. The area of each color indicates the 95{2c3a8711102f73ee058d83c6a8025dc7f37722aad075054eaafcf582b93871a0} confidence interval (CI) of the regression curve. Day 0 is a negative value owing to the effect of the modeling prediction. Credit: Yorifuji Takashi, Okayama University

All subjects were surveyed for adverse reactions a week after they received the third mRNA-1273 vaccine dose. Simultaneously, antibody levels of all subjects were measured just before receiving the vaccine, 3 days after, ~1 week after, and finally 1 month after the dose. Using statistical modeling, correlations between the incidence of fever and antibody levels at various time points were stipulated. To account for factors contributing to the onset of fever post-vaccination, the team also looked at sex, age differences, a history of allergy, and the use of antipyretics (fever-reducing drugs) amongst the participants.

The subjects were then classified into a “fever” or “non-fever” group based on the survey results. It was found that the fever group was more likely to be younger (20 to 49 years old) and had a past history of allergies. Next, antibody levels at different time points in the two groups were analyzed. At 1 week post-vaccination, the fever group had substantially higher antibody counts than the non-fever group. However, at 1-month post-vaccination there seemed to be no correlation between the incidence of fever and high antibody levels.

This is the first study to highlight associations between the induction of fever and antibody levels at various time points after the third dose of the mRNA-1273 vaccine. “Antibody titers after mRNA-1273 vaccination may be faster in the group with post-vaccination fever, but the difference may not be significant 1-month post-vaccination,” concludes the team. The researchers also suggest that while these contradictory observations may not have significant clinical relevance, a study with a larger sample size might provide better insights.

Reference: “Association Between Fever and Antibody Titer Trends After a Third Dose of the mRNA-1273 Vaccine” by Naomi Matsumoto, Tomoka Kadowaki, Rumi Matsuo, Ayako Sasaki, Chikara Miyaji, Chigusa Higuchi, Masanori Nakayama, Yasue Sakurada, Hideharu Hagiya, Soshi Takao, Fumio Otsuka and Takashi Yorifuji, 5 December 2022, Journal of Epidemiology.
DOI: 10.2188/jea.JE20220210